China Professional OEM Belt Conveyor Pulley High Wear Resistance Head Ceramic Drive Tail Snub Bend Take up CZPT Grooved Rubber Lagging Drum Pulley wholesaler

Product Description

Conveyor Pulley is
manufactured as per customer requirement,with main design under national standard,quality inspection focusing on shaft core,welded joint,rubber material and hardness,dynamic balance and so on for longer product life time.

Drive/Head Pulley – A conveyor pulley used for the purpose of driving a conveyor belt. Typically mounted in external bearings and driven by an external drive source.
Return/Tail Pulley – A conveyor pulley used for the purpose of redirecting a conveyor belt back to the drive pulley. Tail pulleys can utilize internal bearings or can be mounted in external bearings and are typically located at the end of the conveyor bed. Tail pulleys commonly serve the purpose of a Take-Up pulley on conveyors of shorter lengths.
Snub Pulley – A conveyor pulley used to increase belt wrap around a drive pulley, typically for the purpose of improving traction.
Take-Up Pulley – A conveyor pulley used to remove slack and provide tension to a conveyor belt. Take-Up pulleys are more common to conveyors of longer lengths.
Bend Pulley – A conveyor pulley used to redirect the belt and provide belt tension where bends occur in the conveyor system.

The specification of pulley:
Drive Drum: is the main component of power transmission. The drum can be divided into single drum (the angle of the belt to the drum is 210 ° ~ 230 °) , Double Drum (the angle of the belt to the drum is up to 350 °) and
multi-drum (used for high power) . 
Bend Drum: is used for changing the running direction of the conveyor belt or increasing the surrounding angle of the conveyor belt on the driving roller, and the roller adopts a smooth rubber surface . The drum shaft shall be forgings and shall be nondestructive tested and the inspection report shall be provided. 
The Various Surface of Pulley:
Conveyor pulley lagging is essential to improve conveyor belt performance, the combination of our pulley lagging can reduces belt slippage, improve tracking and extends life of belt, bearing & other components.

PLAIN LAGGING:This style of finish is suitable for any pulley in the conveyor system where watershed is not necessary. It provides additional protection against belt wear, therefore, increasing the life of the pulley.
DIAMOND GROOVE LAGGING:This is the standard pattern on all Specdrum lagged conveyor pulleys. It is primarily used for reversing conveyor drive pulleys. It is also often used to allow bi-directional pulley rotation, and the pattern allows water to be dispersed away from the belt.
HERRINGBONE LAGGING:The herringbone pattern’s grooves are in the direction of rotation, and offers superior tractive properties. Each groove allows water and other liquids to escape between the face of the drum pulley and the belt. Herringbone grooved pulleys are directional and should be applied to the conveyor in a manner in which the grooves point toward the direction of the belt travel.
CHEVRON LAGGING:Some customers specify that the points of the groove should meet – as done in Chevron styled lagging. As before with the herringbone style, this would be used on drive drum pulleys and should be fitted in the correct manner, so as to allow proper use of the pattern and water dispersion also.
CERAMIC LAGGING:The Ceramic tiles are moulded into the lagging which is then cold bonded to the drum pulley. This style of finish allows excellent traction and reduces slippage, meaning that the belt tension is lower and, therefore as a result, increases the life of the pulley.
WELD-ON STRIP LAGGING: Weld-On Strip Lagging can be applied to bi-directional pulleys, and also has a finish to allow the easy dispersion of water or any fluids between the drum pulley and the belt.

The Components of Pulley:

1. Drum or Shell:The drum is the portion of the pulley in direct contact with the belt. The shell is fabricated from either a rolled sheet of steel or from hollow steel tubing.
2.Diaphragm Plates: The diaphragm or end plates of a pulley are circular discs which are fabricated from thick steel plate and which are welded into the shell at each end, to strengthen the drum.The end plates are bored in their centre to accommodate the pulley Shaft and the hubs for the pulley locking elements.
3.Shaft :The shaft is designed to accommodate all the applied forces from the belt and / or the drive unit, with minimum deflection. The shaft is located and locked to the hubs of the end discs by means of a locking elements. The shaft and hence pulley shafts are often stepped.
4.Locking Elements:These are high-precision manufactured items which are fitted over the shaft and into the pulley hubs. The locking elements attach the pulley firmly to the shaft via the end plates.
5.Hubs:The hubs are fabricated and machined housings which are welded into the end plates.
6.LaggingIt is sometimes necessary or desirable to improve the friction between the conveyor belt and the pulley in order to improve the torque that can be transmitted through a drive pulley. Improved traction over a pulley also assists with the training of the belt. In such cases pulley drum surfaces are `lagged` or covered in a rubberized material.
7.Bearing: Bearings used for conveyor pulleys are generally spherical roller bearings, chosen for their radial and axial load supporting characteristics. The bearings are self-aligning relative to their raceways, which means that the bearings can be ‘misaligned’ relative to the shaft and plummer blocks, to a certain degree. In practical terms this implies that the bending of the shaft under loaded conditions as well as minor misalignment of the pulley support structure, can be accommodated by the bearing.

The Production Process of Pulley:

Our Products:

1.Different types of Laggings can meet all kinds of complex engineering requirements.
2.Advanced welding technology ensures the connection strength between Shell and End-Disk.
3.High-strength Locking Elements can satisfy torque and bending requirements.
4.T-shape End-Discs provide highest performance and reliability.
5.The standardized Bearing Assembly makes it more convenient for the end user to replace it.
6.Excellent raw material and advanced processing technology enable the shaft can withstand enough torque.
7.Low maintenance for continued operation and low total cost of ownership.
8.Scientific design process incorporating Finite Element Analysis.

Our Workshop:



Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.

To be negotiated
Material: Carbon Steel
Surface Treatment: Baking Paint
Motor Type: Frequency Control Motor
US$ 40/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)


Order Sample

Free sample


Customized Request


Can you explain the concept of “efficiency” in pulley systems?

In pulley systems, efficiency refers to the ratio of output work or power to the input work or power, taking into account any losses or inefficiencies in the system. It represents how effectively the pulley system converts the input energy into useful output energy.

The efficiency of a pulley system can be affected by various factors, including friction, mechanical losses, and the design and condition of the pulleys and ropes. Here are some key points to understand about efficiency in pulley systems:

1. Mechanical Advantage and Efficiency: Pulley systems can provide a mechanical advantage by reducing the effort force required to lift a load. However, it’s important to note that while a higher mechanical advantage generally means less effort is needed, it may also result in lower efficiency. This is because as the mechanical advantage increases, the system may experience higher frictional losses and other inefficiencies.

2. Friction and Efficiency: Friction plays a significant role in the efficiency of pulley systems. The interaction between the pulley wheels and the ropes or belts can result in frictional losses, which reduce the overall efficiency of the system. Friction can be minimized by using pulleys with low-friction bearings or by lubricating the contact surfaces.

3. Rope or Belt Material: The choice of rope or belt material can impact the efficiency of a pulley system. Different materials have varying coefficients of friction, flexibility, and durability, which can affect the overall efficiency. For example, using a rope or belt with low friction and high strength can help reduce energy losses and improve efficiency.

4. Pulley Design and Condition: The design and condition of the pulleys also influence efficiency. Pulleys should be properly aligned, have smooth surfaces, and be free from damage or wear. Misaligned or worn pulleys can increase friction and decrease efficiency.

5. System Load: The efficiency of a pulley system can vary based on the magnitude of the load being lifted or moved. Higher loads can result in increased friction and mechanical losses, leading to lower efficiency.

Efficiency is typically expressed as a percentage, with 100% representing a perfectly efficient system where all the input energy is converted into useful output energy. In real-world pulley systems, efficiency is often less than 100% due to various factors, including friction, heat generation, and other losses.

It’s important to consider efficiency when designing or evaluating pulley systems. Higher efficiency means a more effective use of input energy, reduced energy waste, and improved overall performance.


How do pulleys contribute to the functioning of bicycles and motorcycles?

Pulleys play important roles in the functioning of both bicycles and motorcycles, aiding in power transmission, speed control, and overall mechanical efficiency. Here’s how pulleys contribute to the operation of these vehicles:

1. Bicycles:

– Derailleur System: In most modern bicycles, pulleys are used in the derailleur system. The derailleur is responsible for shifting the bicycle chain between different gears on the front and rear sprockets. Pulleys, often referred to as jockey wheels, are positioned in the derailleur to guide and tension the chain as it moves between gears. They ensure smooth and precise shifting, allowing the rider to adapt to various terrains and maintain an optimal pedaling cadence.

– Belt Drive Systems: Some bicycles use a belt drive instead of a traditional chain drive. Belt drives employ a pulley system that consists of a front pulley attached to the pedal crank and a rear pulley attached to the rear wheel hub. The belt is wrapped around these pulleys, transferring power from the rider’s pedaling motion to propel the bicycle forward. Pulleys in belt drive systems enable efficient power transfer, reduce maintenance needs, and provide a quieter and cleaner alternative to chain drives.

2. Motorcycles:

– Clutch System: Pulleys, known as clutch pulleys, are utilized in motorcycle clutch systems. The clutch connects the engine to the transmission and allows the rider to engage or disengage power transmission to the rear wheel. When the clutch lever is pulled, the clutch pulley separates the engine’s rotational motion from the transmission, disengaging power transfer. Releasing the clutch lever brings the pulley back into contact, engaging power transmission and enabling the motorcycle to move.

– Variable Transmission Systems: Some motorcycles employ pulleys in variable transmission systems, such as continuously variable transmissions (CVT). CVTs use a pair of pulleys connected by a belt or chain. By changing the diameter of the pulleys, the CVT adjusts the gear ratio continuously, providing seamless and efficient power delivery across a wide range of speeds. Pulleys in variable transmission systems contribute to smooth acceleration, improved fuel efficiency, and enhanced riding comfort.

– Drive Belt Systems: Pulleys are also utilized in motorcycles equipped with belt drive systems. Similar to bicycles, these systems consist of a front pulley connected to the engine’s crankshaft and a rear pulley connected to the rear wheel. The belt runs around these pulleys, transferring power from the engine to the rear wheel. Belt drive systems offer advantages such as reduced maintenance, quieter operation, and smoother power delivery compared to traditional chain drives.

Overall, pulleys are integral components in bicycles and motorcycles, contributing to smooth gear shifting, efficient power transmission, and improved overall performance. Whether in derailleur systems, belt drive systems, clutch systems, or variable transmission systems, pulleys play a vital role in enhancing the functionality and ride experience of these vehicles.


Can you explain the basic principles of pulley mechanics?

Pulley mechanics are based on a few fundamental principles that govern the operation of pulley systems. Here’s an explanation of the basic principles:

1. Mechanical Advantage: The primary principle of pulley mechanics is mechanical advantage. A pulley system allows for the multiplication of force applied to the rope or belt. By distributing the force over multiple segments of the rope or belt, the load becomes easier to lift or move. The mechanical advantage gained depends on the number of pulleys used in the system. The more pulleys in the system, the greater the mechanical advantage.

2. Force Transmission: When a force is applied to one end of the rope or belt, it creates tension that causes the pulley to rotate. As the pulley turns, the force is transmitted to the load attached to the other end of the rope or belt. This force transmission allows for the movement and manipulation of objects in pulley systems.

3. Directional Change: One of the key principles of pulley mechanics is directional change. A pulley system enables the operator to change the direction of the applied force. By redirecting the force along a different path, a pulley system allows for force to be exerted from a more convenient or advantageous position. This directional change is particularly useful in situations where the force needs to be applied vertically, horizontally, or at an angle.

4. Conservation of Energy: Pulley mechanics also adhere to the principle of conservation of energy. The work done on the load by the applied force is equal to the work done against the load’s weight. Through the pulley system, the input force is transformed into an output force that moves or lifts the load. The energy input and output remain the same, but the pulley system allows for the distribution and transformation of forces to achieve the desired mechanical advantage.

5. Speed and Torque Conversion: Pulleys can also be used to convert speed and torque in mechanical systems. By varying the size of the pulleys or using pulleys of different diameters, the rotational speed and torque can be adjusted according to the requirements of the system. This speed and torque conversion allows for the optimization of power transmission and the matching of different rotational speeds between input and output components.

6. Multiple Pulley Systems: Pulleys can be combined in systems to achieve increased mechanical advantage or to create complex motion patterns. In systems with multiple pulleys, such as block and tackle arrangements, the load is distributed over several segments of rope or belt, further reducing the effort required to lift heavy objects. These systems are often used in cranes, elevators, and other applications where heavy lifting is necessary.

These basic principles of pulley mechanics form the foundation for the understanding and application of pulleys in mechanical systems. By harnessing mechanical advantage, force transmission, directional change, conservation of energy, and speed/torque conversion, pulley systems provide a versatile means of lifting, moving, and manipulating loads in various applications.

China Professional OEM Belt Conveyor Pulley High Wear Resistance Head Ceramic Drive Tail Snub Bend Take up CZPT Grooved Rubber Lagging Drum Pulley   wholesaler China Professional OEM Belt Conveyor Pulley High Wear Resistance Head Ceramic Drive Tail Snub Bend Take up CZPT Grooved Rubber Lagging Drum Pulley   wholesaler
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