China factory OEM Belt Conveyor Pulley High Wear Resistance Head Ceramic Drive Tail Snub Bend Take up CZPT Grooved Rubber Lagging Drum Pulley pulley band

Product Description

Conveyor Pulley is
manufactured as per customer requirement,with main design under national standard,quality inspection focusing on shaft core,welded joint,rubber material and hardness,dynamic balance and so on for longer product life time.

Drive/Head Pulley – A conveyor pulley used for the purpose of driving a conveyor belt. Typically mounted in external bearings and driven by an external drive source.
Return/Tail Pulley – A conveyor pulley used for the purpose of redirecting a conveyor belt back to the drive pulley. Tail pulleys can utilize internal bearings or can be mounted in external bearings and are typically located at the end of the conveyor bed. Tail pulleys commonly serve the purpose of a Take-Up pulley on conveyors of shorter lengths.
Snub Pulley – A conveyor pulley used to increase belt wrap around a drive pulley, typically for the purpose of improving traction.
Take-Up Pulley – A conveyor pulley used to remove slack and provide tension to a conveyor belt. Take-Up pulleys are more common to conveyors of longer lengths.
Bend Pulley – A conveyor pulley used to redirect the belt and provide belt tension where bends occur in the conveyor system.

The specification of pulley:
Drive Drum: is the main component of power transmission. The drum can be divided into single drum (the angle of the belt to the drum is 210 ° ~ 230 °) , Double Drum (the angle of the belt to the drum is up to 350 °) and
multi-drum (used for high power) . 
Bend Drum: is used for changing the running direction of the conveyor belt or increasing the surrounding angle of the conveyor belt on the driving roller, and the roller adopts a smooth rubber surface . The drum shaft shall be forgings and shall be nondestructive tested and the inspection report shall be provided. 
The Various Surface of Pulley:
Conveyor pulley lagging is essential to improve conveyor belt performance, the combination of our pulley lagging can reduces belt slippage, improve tracking and extends life of belt, bearing & other components.

PLAIN LAGGING:This style of finish is suitable for any pulley in the conveyor system where watershed is not necessary. It provides additional protection against belt wear, therefore, increasing the life of the pulley.
DIAMOND GROOVE LAGGING:This is the standard pattern on all Specdrum lagged conveyor pulleys. It is primarily used for reversing conveyor drive pulleys. It is also often used to allow bi-directional pulley rotation, and the pattern allows water to be dispersed away from the belt.
HERRINGBONE LAGGING:The herringbone pattern’s grooves are in the direction of rotation, and offers superior tractive properties. Each groove allows water and other liquids to escape between the face of the drum pulley and the belt. Herringbone grooved pulleys are directional and should be applied to the conveyor in a manner in which the grooves point toward the direction of the belt travel.
CHEVRON LAGGING:Some customers specify that the points of the groove should meet – as done in Chevron styled lagging. As before with the herringbone style, this would be used on drive drum pulleys and should be fitted in the correct manner, so as to allow proper use of the pattern and water dispersion also.
CERAMIC LAGGING:The Ceramic tiles are moulded into the lagging which is then cold bonded to the drum pulley. This style of finish allows excellent traction and reduces slippage, meaning that the belt tension is lower and, therefore as a result, increases the life of the pulley.
WELD-ON STRIP LAGGING: Weld-On Strip Lagging can be applied to bi-directional pulleys, and also has a finish to allow the easy dispersion of water or any fluids between the drum pulley and the belt.

The Components of Pulley:

1. Drum or Shell:The drum is the portion of the pulley in direct contact with the belt. The shell is fabricated from either a rolled sheet of steel or from hollow steel tubing.
2.Diaphragm Plates: The diaphragm or end plates of a pulley are circular discs which are fabricated from thick steel plate and which are welded into the shell at each end, to strengthen the drum.The end plates are bored in their centre to accommodate the pulley Shaft and the hubs for the pulley locking elements.
3.Shaft :The shaft is designed to accommodate all the applied forces from the belt and / or the drive unit, with minimum deflection. The shaft is located and locked to the hubs of the end discs by means of a locking elements. The shaft and hence pulley shafts are often stepped.
4.Locking Elements:These are high-precision manufactured items which are fitted over the shaft and into the pulley hubs. The locking elements attach the pulley firmly to the shaft via the end plates.
5.Hubs:The hubs are fabricated and machined housings which are welded into the end plates.
6.LaggingIt is sometimes necessary or desirable to improve the friction between the conveyor belt and the pulley in order to improve the torque that can be transmitted through a drive pulley. Improved traction over a pulley also assists with the training of the belt. In such cases pulley drum surfaces are `lagged` or covered in a rubberized material.
7.Bearing: Bearings used for conveyor pulleys are generally spherical roller bearings, chosen for their radial and axial load supporting characteristics. The bearings are self-aligning relative to their raceways, which means that the bearings can be ‘misaligned’ relative to the shaft and plummer blocks, to a certain degree. In practical terms this implies that the bending of the shaft under loaded conditions as well as minor misalignment of the pulley support structure, can be accommodated by the bearing.

The Production Process of Pulley:

Our Products:

1.Different types of Laggings can meet all kinds of complex engineering requirements.
2.Advanced welding technology ensures the connection strength between Shell and End-Disk.
3.High-strength Locking Elements can satisfy torque and bending requirements.
4.T-shape End-Discs provide highest performance and reliability.
5.The standardized Bearing Assembly makes it more convenient for the end user to replace it.
6.Excellent raw material and advanced processing technology enable the shaft can withstand enough torque.
7.Low maintenance for continued operation and low total cost of ownership.
8.Scientific design process incorporating Finite Element Analysis.

Our Workshop:



Material: Carbon Steel
Surface Treatment: Baking Paint
Motor Type: Frequency Control Motor
US$ 40/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)


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What are the applications of pulleys in the automotive industry?

Pulleys have various applications in the automotive industry, contributing to the operation of different systems within vehicles. Here are some common applications of pulleys in the automotive industry:

1. Engine Systems: Pulleys are extensively used in the engine systems of vehicles. The crankshaft pulley, also known as the harmonic balancer, is connected to the engine crankshaft and drives various engine accessories through the use of belts. These accessories may include the alternator, power steering pump, water pump, air conditioning compressor, and more. The rotation of the crankshaft pulley powers these accessories, allowing them to perform their respective functions.

2. Serpentine Belt Systems: Modern vehicles often use a serpentine belt system, which is a single, long belt that drives multiple engine accessories simultaneously. The serpentine belt travels around various pulleys, including the crankshaft pulley, tensioner pulley, idler pulleys, and accessory pulleys. These pulleys guide and maintain the tension of the serpentine belt, ensuring efficient power transfer to the engine accessories.

3. Timing Belt/Chain Systems: Timing belts or chains are used in internal combustion engines to synchronize the opening and closing of engine valves with the movement of the pistons. Pulleys known as timing belt pulleys or timing sprockets are mounted on the camshafts and crankshafts, and they work together with the timing belt or chain to ensure precise valve timing. These pulleys play a crucial role in maintaining engine performance and preventing valve interference.

4. Supercharger/Blower Systems: Pulleys are integral components in supercharger or blower systems used in performance vehicles. These systems compress the incoming air to increase engine power and performance. The pulley on the supercharger or blower is driven by the engine crankshaft pulley through a belt or a drive system. By changing the size of the pulley, the speed and boost level of the supercharger or blower can be adjusted.

5. Tensioners and Idler Pulleys: Tensioners and idler pulleys are crucial in maintaining proper belt tension and alignment in automotive systems. Tensioner pulleys are designed to apply tension to belts, ensuring they remain properly seated on the pulleys throughout their operation. Idler pulleys guide the belt and help maintain its alignment. These pulleys contribute to the smooth and reliable operation of various belt-driven systems, reducing slippage and preventing premature belt wear.

6. Accessories and Auxiliary Systems: Pulleys are also employed in various auxiliary systems and accessories in vehicles. These may include systems such as power windows, windshield wipers, cooling fans, and more. Pulleys in these systems facilitate the transfer of rotational motion from motors to mechanical components, enabling the desired functionality.

Overall, pulleys play significant roles in the automotive industry by driving engine accessories, maintaining belt tension, synchronizing engine timing, enhancing performance, and supporting various auxiliary systems. Their proper functioning is crucial for the reliable and efficient operation of automotive systems and components.


What is the importance of proper pulley alignment and tensioning?

Proper pulley alignment and tensioning are critical factors in ensuring the efficient and reliable operation of pulley systems. They play a significant role in maximizing power transmission, minimizing wear and tear, and maintaining the overall performance and longevity of the system. Here’s the importance of proper pulley alignment and tensioning:

1. Power Transmission Efficiency:

Proper pulley alignment and tensioning ensure optimal power transmission efficiency. When pulleys are misaligned or belts/chains are improperly tensioned, energy is wasted due to increased friction and slippage. This results in decreased power transfer and reduced system efficiency. By aligning the pulleys parallel to each other and applying the correct tension to the belts or chains, the system can achieve maximum power transmission, minimizing energy losses.

2. Belt/Chain Longevity:

Correct pulley alignment and tensioning contribute to the longevity of belts and chains. Misalignment and inadequate tension can cause uneven wear, excessive stretching, and premature failure of the belts or chains. Proper alignment and tension distribute the load evenly across the belts or chains, reducing stress and extending their lifespan. This helps to avoid unplanned downtime, maintenance costs, and the need for frequent belt/chain replacements.

3. Reduced Noise and Vibration:

Improper pulley alignment and tensioning can lead to increased noise and vibration in the system. Misaligned pulleys or loose belts/chains can cause excessive vibration, resulting in noise, equipment damage, and discomfort to operators or nearby personnel. Proper alignment and tensioning help minimize vibration, ensuring quieter operation and a more comfortable working environment.

4. System Reliability and Safety:

Proper alignment and tensioning contribute to the overall reliability and safety of pulley systems. Misaligned pulleys or loose belts/chains can lead to unexpected failures, breakdowns, or accidents. Over-tensioning can also cause excessive stress on components and increase the risk of system failures. By maintaining proper alignment and tension, the system operates within its design parameters, reducing the likelihood of unexpected failures and ensuring the safety of operators and equipment.

5. Improved Performance:

Correct pulley alignment and tensioning enhance the overall performance of the system. Properly tensioned belts or chains provide better grip and traction, allowing for smoother and more precise movement of the driven components. This results in improved speed control, reduced slippage, and enhanced accuracy in applications such as conveyor systems, machine tools, and automotive engines.

6. Maintenance and Cost Savings:

Proper pulley alignment and tensioning can lead to significant maintenance and cost savings. Well-aligned pulleys and correctly tensioned belts or chains experience less wear and require fewer adjustments. This reduces the frequency of maintenance tasks, such as belt/chain replacements, realignments, and re-tensioning. Additionally, by maximizing power transmission efficiency and minimizing wear, proper alignment and tensioning help reduce energy consumption and lower operating costs.

In conclusion, proper pulley alignment and tensioning are crucial for achieving optimal power transmission efficiency, prolonging the lifespan of belts or chains, reducing noise and vibration, ensuring system reliability and safety, improving performance, and realizing maintenance and cost savings. It is essential to follow manufacturer guidelines and perform regular inspections and adjustments to maintain proper alignment and tension in pulley systems.


How does a fixed pulley differ from a movable pulley?

A fixed pulley and a movable pulley are two distinct types of pulleys that differ in their design and functionality. Here’s a detailed explanation of their differences:

1. Design and Attachment: A fixed pulley is attached to a stationary structure, such as a ceiling or wall, using a mounting bracket or other means. It remains fixed in place and does not move during operation. In contrast, a movable pulley is attached to the load being moved and moves along with it. It is typically suspended by a rope or cable and can freely move up and down.

2. Mechanical Advantage: When it comes to mechanical advantage, a fixed pulley does not provide any advantage. It changes the direction of the force applied but does not reduce the effort required to lift the load. On the other hand, a movable pulley provides mechanical advantage by reducing the effort needed to lift the load. It distributes the load between the rope segments attached to the movable pulley and the fixed point, making it easier to lift heavy objects.

3. Force Distribution: In a fixed pulley, the force applied to one end of the rope or belt is redirected to change the direction of the force. The load is lifted by pulling the opposite end of the rope. In this case, the force required to lift the load is equal to the weight of the load itself. In a movable pulley, the load is attached to the movable pulley itself. The force required to lift the load is reduced because the weight of the load is distributed between the rope segments attached to the movable pulley and the fixed point.

4. Directional Change: Both fixed and movable pulleys are capable of changing the direction of the applied force. However, the primary function of a fixed pulley is to change the direction of force, while a movable pulley combines force direction change with mechanical advantage. The movable pulley allows the operator to exert force in a more convenient direction while requiring less effort to lift the load.

5. Applications: Fixed pulleys are commonly used in combination with other pulleys to create more complex systems, such as block and tackle arrangements. They are often used in scenarios where the primary objective is to change the direction of force. Movable pulleys, on the other hand, are frequently used in systems that require mechanical advantage or a reduction in the effort needed to lift heavy objects. They are often found in applications such as lifting systems, cranes, and elevators.

Overall, the key differences between a fixed pulley and a movable pulley lie in their design, mechanical advantage, force distribution, and applications. While a fixed pulley primarily changes the direction of force, a movable pulley combines force direction change with mechanical advantage, making it easier to lift heavy loads.

China factory OEM Belt Conveyor Pulley High Wear Resistance Head Ceramic Drive Tail Snub Bend Take up CZPT Grooved Rubber Lagging Drum Pulley   pulley band	China factory OEM Belt Conveyor Pulley High Wear Resistance Head Ceramic Drive Tail Snub Bend Take up CZPT Grooved Rubber Lagging Drum Pulley   pulley band
editor by CX


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